Rafe McCullough

Associate Professor

Dr. McCullough’s teaching and scholarship center on multicultural and social justice counseling and advocacy, addressing and centering aspects of identity in counseling, disability, and affirming counseling practices for queer, trans and nonbinary individuals. Prior to coming to Lewis & Clark, he served in a variety of settings, both as a clinical mental health counselor and a professional school counselor. He is a licensed mental health counselor in Oregon, Washington, and Georgia. Dr. McCullough is passionate about mentoring and supporting masters and doctoral students from underrepresented/excluded groups to become counselors, counselor educators, and leaders in the profession.

Dr. McCullough has been active in many American Counseling Association (ACA) divisions, including the Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD), Counselors for Social Justice (CSJ), The Society for Sexual, Affectational, Intersex, and Gender Expansive Identities in counseling (SAIGE), and the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision (ACES). He served as a co-chair for the Youth Concerns Committee for the Oregon Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (OAMCD). Dr. McCullough is currently co-chair of the ACA Cultural Encounters Task Force.

Dr. McCullough is one of the authors of the Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies. He has been awarded the American Counseling Association Courtland C. Lee Multicultural Excellence Scholarship Award, and was recognized by the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision (ACES) as an Emerging Leader. In 2020, Dr. McCullough was awarded the Counselors for Social Justice Reese House Social Justice Advocate of the Year Award

Areas of Expertise

Affirmative counseling with queer, trans & nonbinary youth and adults, multicultural & social justice counseling competencies, disability, addressing identity in counseling, group counseling, school counseling, clinical mental health counseling, college counseling

Publications

Rumsey, A., McCullough, R., & Chang, C.Y. (2020). Understanding the secondary exposure to trauma and professional quality of life of school counselors. Professional School Counseling, 24(1), 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2156759X20973643

McCullough, R., Dispenza, F., Chang, C. Y., & Zeligman, M. R. (2019). Correlates and predictors of anti-transgender prejudice. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity6(3), 359-368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000334 

Varney, M., Chang, C.Y., McCullough, R., Huffstead, M., & Smith, J. (2019). A phenomenological study of the experiences of master’s level students of color in counseling programs. Teaching and Supervision in Counseling,1(2), 31-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.7290/tsc010203

McCullough, R., Dispenza, F., Parker, L.K., Viehl, C. J., Chang, C.Y., & Murphy, T. M. (2017). The counseling experiences of transgender and gender nonconforming clients. Journal of Counseling and Development, 95(4), 423-434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12157

Smith, J. A., McCullough, R., Critchlow, C., & Luke, M. (2017). Proposing an initiative research methodology for LGBTQ+ youth: Photo-elicitation and thematic analysis. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 11(4), 271-284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15538605.2017.1380557

Viehl, C., Dispenza, F., McCullough, R., & Guvensel, K. (2017). Burnout among sexual minority mental health practitioners: Investigating correlates and predictors. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 4(3), 354-361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000236

Ratts, M. J., Singh, A. A., Nassar-McMillan, S., Butler, S. K., & McCullough, J.R. (2016, February). Multicultural and social justice counseling competencies: Practical applications in counseling. Counseling Today.

Ratts, M.J., McCullough, J.R., & Rubel, D. (2016). Diversity and social justice issues in counseling and psychotherapy. In D. Capuzzi & D. R. Gross (Eds.), Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions (6th ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

Ratts, M. J., Singh, A. A., Nassar-McMillan, S., Butler, S. K., & McCullough, J.R. (2016). Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling Competencies: Guidelines for the counseling profession. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 44(1), 28–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmcd.12035

Ratts, M.J., Singh, A.A., Nassar-McMillan, S., Butler, S.K., McCullough, J.R. (2015). Multicultural and social justice counseling competencies. Retrieved from http://www.counseling.org/docs/default-source/competencies/multicultural-and-social-justice-counseling-competencies.pdf?sfvrsn=20

McCullough, J.R. & Winninghoff, A.C. (2014). Social justice counseling practices: Affirming queer pluralism with LGBQ clients. In Ratts, M.J. & Pedersen, P.B. (2014). Counseling for multiculturalism and social justice: Integration, theory, and application. Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

Ratts, M.J., Kaloper, M., McReady, C., Tighe, L., Butler, S.K., Dempsey, K., & McCullough, J.R. (2013). Safe Space Programs: Creating a Visible Presence of LGBTQ Allies in K-12 Schools. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling. 7(4), 387-404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15538605.2013.839344

Presentations

NATIONAL

Christian, A., McCullough, R., Hunter, T., Proctor, Z., & Hipolito-Delgado, C. (2022, April). We’re going there: Creating a culture of difficult dialogues in counseling. American Counseling Association Conference, Atlanta, GA.

McCullough, R. (2021, October). Has disability been forgotten in counselor education programs? Association for Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Atlanta, GA.

McCullough, R & Singh, A. (2020, April). Liberatory supervision frameworks for supervising trans and nonbinary counselors. American Counseling Association Conference. San Diego, CA. (conference online due to COVID-19).

McCullough, R., DeLeon, A., & Hadraba, H. (2019, October). Cultivating cultural and intellectual humility in the counselor education classroom. Association for Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Seattle, WA.

McCullough, R., Glosoff, H., Christian, A., Ibrahim, F., Aranez Litam, S. (2019, March). Difficult Dialogues: Navigating Culturally Challenging Situations. American Counseling Association Conference, New Orleans, LA.

Hunter, T. & McCullough, R. (2018, September). Rainbow colored butterflies, a metaphor for resilience: Working with LGBTQ+ clients experiencing chronic illness and disability. Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues in Counseling Conference, Portland, OR.

Proctor, J., McCullough, R., Whitaker, R., Dispenza, F., Keefe-Cooperman, K. & (2018, April). Improving Transitions: Building TGNC Competencies and Alliances in K–12 Settings. American Counseling Association Conference, Atlanta, GA.

Glosoff, H., McCullough, R., Paige Band, M., Holcomb-McCoy, C., Hunter, T., Watts, R., & Christian, A. (2018, April). Practicing Cultural Encounters: Responding with Competence. American Counseling Association Conference, Atlanta, GA.

Smith, J., McCullough, R., Critchow, C., & Tolleson, A. (2017, September). Gender nonconforming youth & safety: Utilizing photo-elicitation and thematic analysis. Association for Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Chicago, IL.

Rumsey, A., McCullough, R., & Golubovic, N. (2017, September). Exploring the impact of secondary exposure to trauma on school counselors. Association for Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Chicago, IL.

Chan, C. D., Farmer, L. B., Hughes, K. L., Erby, A. N., McCullough, R., Ford, D. J., Filmore, J. M. (2016, September). Utilizing an intersectionality model to promote ally development: Privilege and oppression at the crossroads. Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues in Counseling Conference, San Antonio, TX.

Ratts, M. J., Singh, A. A., Nasser-McMillan, S., Butler, S. K., & McCullough, J. R. (2016, April). Multicultural and social justice counseling competencies: Guidelines for the profession. American Counseling Association Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

McCullough, J. R., Viehl, C., Rumsey, A., & Dispenza, F. (2015, October). The counseling experiences of transgender clients: Implications for counselors and counselor educators. Association for Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Philadelphia, PA.

Ratts, M. J., Singh, A. A., Nasser-McMillan, S., Butler, S. K., & McCullough, J. R. (2015, October). Multicultural counseling competencies revision: Updates from the AMCD MCCs revision committee.Association for Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Philadelphia, PA.

 REGIONAL

McCullough, R. (November, 2020). The critical importance of disability content in counselor education programs. Western Association of Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Tucson, AZ. (conference canceled due to COVID-19).

McCullough, R. (November, 2018). Helping transgender teens and young adults navigate dating & sexual intimacy. Western Association of Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Santa Rosa, CA.

Varney, M., McCullough, R., Huffstead, M., & Chang, C.Y. (October, 2016). Resisting racism and remaining resilient: The experiences of master’s level students of color. Southern Association of Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, New Orleans, LA.

Huffstead, M., McCullough, R., & Tolleson, A. (2016, October). Creative approaches to incorporating the new Multicultural Social Justice Counseling Competencies into clinical supervision. Southern Association of Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, New Orleans, LA.

Dispenza, F.,Viehl, C., McCullough, J.R., & Standish, J. (2014, October). Counselor educator competencies in working with sexual and gender minority clients. Southern Association of Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Birmingham, AL.

Viehl, C., McCullough, J.R., & Dispenza, F., (2014, October).  A comparative study of LGBQ and heterosexual MHP burnout. Southern Association of Counselor Education and Supervision Conference, Birmingham, AL.

 STATE

Dorn-Medeiros, C., & McCullough, R. (2019, April). Amplifying LGBTQ youth voices: Multilayered counseling & advocacy approaches in schools. Oregon School Based Mental Health Summit. Bend, OR.

McCullough, R. (2017, November). Understanding the unique needs of transgender & gender nonconforming students. Oregon GED Summit. Tigard, OR.

Academic Credentials

PhD, Counselor Education & Practice, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA

MA, Counseling, Seattle University, Seattle, WA

BA, Philosophy, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN

 

Professional Licenses & Certifications

Licensed Professional Counselor (Oregon & Georgia)

Licensed Mental Health Counselor (Washington)

National Certified Counselor