Charles (Kip) Ault

Professor Emeriti

Once an elementary school teacher with a degree in history, Charles “Kip” Ault earned his doctorate in Science & Environmental Education. His dissertation on children’s grasp of geological time continues to influence his career—most recently in collaborating with scientists designing a “Trail of Time” along the south rim of the Grand Canyon.

At Lewis & Clark Graduate School, Kip taught courses in the Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) program that emphasized how interpreting landscapes may integrate several fields of inquiry. His interests include the biodiversity of Costa Rica where he has worked with Proyecto Campanario to promote local conservation initiatives.

Personal Statement

Learning through inquiry means seeking answers to interesting questions in disciplined ways.


  • Ault, C. R., Jr., & Dodick, J.  (In review).  Tracking the footprints puzzle:  The problematic persistence of process in teaching the nature and culture of science.
  • Ault, C. R., Jr.  (2010).  On the origins of Darwin’s impertinence. American Paleontologist, 18 (1), 29-31.
  • Ault, C. R., Jr.  (2010).  One size fits none? Journal of Science Teacher Education, 21, 1-5.  
  • Ault, T. R., & Ault, C. R., Jr.  (2009).  On the trail of Darwin’s megabeasts. American Paleontologist, 17 (1), 16-19.
  • Ault, C. R., Jr.  (2009).  Querencia along the Purgatoire River. The Oregon Science Teacher, 50 (5), 8-10.
  • Ault, Jr., C. R.  (2008).  Achieving Querencia:  Integrating a sense of place with disciplined thinking. Curriculum Inquiry, 38 (5), 605-637.
  • Orion, Nir, & Ault, C.R., Jr. (2007). Learning Earth Sciences. In S. A. Abell & N. G. Lederman (Eds.), The Handbook of Research on Science Education (pp. 653-687). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Ault, K. (2005). The Importance of Conserving Turtle Eggs: Working with EcoTeach and Proyecto Campanario on Conservation Education in Costa Rica. The Oregon Science Teacher, 45 (3), 26-29.
  • Norman, O., Ault, C.R., Jr., Bentz, B, & Meskimen, L. (2001). The Black-White ‘Achievement Gap’ as a Perennial Challenge of Urban Science Education: A Socio-Cultural and Historical Overview with Implications for Research and Practice. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 38 (10), 1101-1114.
  • Ault, C.R., Jr. (1998). Criteria of Excellence for Geological Inquiry: The Necessity of Ambiguity. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 35 (2), 189-212
  • Ault, C.R., Jr., & Nagel, N.G. (1997). Teachers and Science Museums: Creating Interest in Science. Science Education International, 8 (1), 33-37.
  • Ault, C.R., Jr. (1994). Research on Problem-solving: Earth Science. In D. Gabel (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Science Teaching and Learning. New York, NY: MacMillan.

Academic Credentials

PhD 1980 Cornell University, AB 1972 Dartmouth College